Drone Megathread

Drone Megathread.

Will highlight current systems, new systems, and interesting usage.

Bayraktar TB2
Bayraktar Akinci
Bayraktar Mini
Bayraktar VTOL UAV

Bayraktar TB2


By Bayhaluk - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53447052

General Characteristics

  • Length: 6.5 m (21 ft)
  • Wing Span: 12 m (39 ft)
  • Max Take Off Weight: 630 kg (1,390 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 x Rotax 912 Internal Combustion Engine with Injection, 100 Hp
  • Fuel Capacity: 300 litres (79 US gal)
  • Fuel Type: Gasoline

Performance

  • Maximum Speed: 120 knots (220 km/h)
  • Cruise Speed: 70 knots (130 km/h)
  • Communication Range: 150 km
  • Service Ceiling: 27,000 feet (8,200 m)
  • Endurance: 24 hours
  • Payload: 55 kg

Optics

  • EO, IR Cameras
  • Laser Range Finder, Laser Designator, Laser Pointer

Payload

MAM-L SMART MICRO MUNITION

https://www.roketsan.com.tr/en/product/mam-l-smart-micro-munition/

  • Diameter 160mm
  • Length 1m
  • Weight 22 kg
  • Range 8km or 14km with special guidance package
  • Seeker Semi-Active laser
  • Package Thermobaric, Dual-Purpose, or Fragmentation
  • Fusing Impact or Prox

UMTAS Missile, Similar to MAM-L

https://www.roketsan.com.tr/en/product/umtas-long-range-anti-tank-missile-system/

Price

6 drones sold to Ukraine for $69 Million (2019)

Operators

Turkey
Qatar
Ukraine

Usage


Knocked out in Libya - https://fighterjetsworld.com/latest-news/aircraft-crash/lna-forces-shot-down-turkish-bayraktar-tb2-drone-over-tripoli/19558/
Syria
Ukraine (Presumably)

Bayraktar Akinci

General Characteristics

  • Length: 12.5 m (39.4 ft)
  • Wing Span: 20 m (65 ft)
  • Max Take Off Weight: 4500 kg (9,900 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × AI-450T turboprop engine, 450 hp (335 kW) each (Ukrainian Designed Engines)
  • Fuel Type: Gasoline

Performance

  • Maximum Speed: 186 knots (300 km/h)
  • Cruise Speed: Unknown
  • Communication Range: 250 km
  • Service Ceiling: 40,000 feet (12,200 m)
  • Endurance: 24 hours
  • Payload: 1350 kg

Optics & Sensors

  • EO, IR Cameras
  • Laser Range Finder, Laser Designator, Laser Pointer
  • AESA Radar
  • ELINT/SIGINT (Unverified)

Payload

Hardpoints : 6

Price

Unknown

Operators

Turkey (2022)

Usage

Still completing trials Early 2020.

Will allow robust force projection throughout the region. Potential for export is high. Significant proliferation impact should Turkey seek to do so.

Bayraktar VTOL UAV

Prototype?

General Characteristics

  • Length: 1.5 m (5 ft)
  • Wing Span: 5 m (16 ft)
  • Max Take Off Weight: 30 kg (66 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 Electric (?) Vertical lift propellers, 1 gas horizontal propulsion.
  • Fuel Capacity: Unknown
  • Fuel Type: Likely Gasoline

Performance

  • Maximum Speed: 80 knots (150 km/h)
  • Cruise Speed: 50 knots (92 km/h)
  • Communication Range: 150 km
  • Service Ceiling: 9000 feet (2,750 m)
  • Endurance: 12 hours
  • Payload: 5 kg

Optics

  • EO, IR Cameras
  • Laser Range Finder, Laser Designator, Laser Pointer

Payload

No stated payload.

Bayraktar Mini


By Bayhaluk - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=34668110

Mini A superseded by Mini B per Turkish military requirements.

General Characteristics

  • Length: 1.2 m (4 ft)
  • Wing Span: 1.9 m (6.2 ft)
  • Max Take Off Weight: 4.5 kg (10 lb)
  • Powerplant: Electric motor
  • Fuel Type: Battery

Performance

  • Maximum Speed: 80 knots (150 km/h)
  • Cruise Speed: 60 knots (100 km/h)
  • Communication Range: 15 km
  • Service Ceiling: 3000 feet (1,000 m)
  • Endurance: 60 minutes
  • Payload: Special Camera Systems Only

Optics

  • Thermal camera or CCD Camera

Payload

Some sources state a 1kg payload max.
Parachute for landing.

Price

Unknown

Operators

Turkey
Qatar
Ukraine (Likely)

Bayraktar Mini-B has logged over 50,000 hours of flight time.

Vestel Karayel


Photo : https://twitter.com/sweeneygov

General Characteristics

  • Length: 6.5 m (21 ft)
  • Wing Span: 10.5 m (34 ft)
  • Max Take Off Weight: 550 kg (1213 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 - 97 hp motor
  • Fuel Type: Gasoline

Performance

  • Maximum Speed: 80 knots (150 km/h)
  • Cruise Speed: 60 knots (100 km/h)
  • Communication Range: 200km
  • Service Ceiling: 22,500 feet (6900 m)
  • Endurance: 20 Hours

Optics

  • EO, IR Cameras
  • Laser Range Finder, Laser Designator, Laser Pointer

Payload

MAM-L

Usage

Turkey (Presumed)
Saudi Arabia (https://www.janes.com/article/93459/karayel-uav-lost-over-yemen)

Comments

Like a Cessna without a cockpit.

TAI Aksungur


General Characteristics

  • Length: 12 m (39 ft)
  • Height 3.0 m (10 ft)
  • Wing Span: 24 m (78 ft)
  • Max Take Off Weight: 3300 kg (7275 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × TEI PD170 turboprop engine, 170hp-220hp (126 kW-164 kW) each
  • Fuel Type: Gasoline

Performance

  • Maximum Speed: Unknown
  • Cruise Speed: 155 knots (250 km/h)
  • Communication Range: Undeclared
  • Service Ceiling: 40,000 feet (12,192 m)
  • Endurance: 40 Hours
  • Range: 4,000 miles (6,500 km)

Payload

Hardpoints : 6

  • TEBER -81 (laser guided MK-81)
  • TEBER-82 (laser guided MK-82)
  • LUMTAS
  • MAM-L
  • MAM-C
  • CIRIT
  • HGK-3 (Precision Guidance Kit)
  • KGK (82) (Winged Guidance Kit)

Image Payload

  • Optical, IR, Laser Designator, Laser Range Finder, Wide Area Camera

SIGINT Payload

  • COMINT/ELINT

MPA Payload

  • Sonobuoy pod
    *MAD Boom

Communications Payload

  • SATCOM
  • PLS
  • Airborne Comms Node

Operators

Turkey

Comments

Appears to be following the “one platform, many upgrades” philosophy. Looks to be the most useful overall of all the Turkish drones. MAD Boom and Sonobuoy pod is of particular interest and directly aims at a cost effective way to keep Greek subs at bay. Aksungur looks to supersede the Anka line of drones.